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DIABETES means your blood sugar or glucose, levels are very high. In type 2 diabetes, Your body does not make enough insulin or does not use it properly. This high blood glucose remains in your blood and does not reach your cells.
Over time, high blood glucose causes a lot of health complications with your heart, eye, nerves kidney, and teeth. Having prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear gradually. Some people do not show symptoms at allin the initial days. Some of the symptoms are-

• Being very thirsty
• Urinating often
• Feeling very hungry or tired
• Losing weight without trying
• Having sores that heal slowly
• Having blurry eyesight

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes appear in many years, very little or sometimes no symptoms are seen unless you have a serious health problem like heart disease, kidney problems as well.

Causes of having type 2 diabetes include:

• overweight and obesity
• not being physically active
• insulin resistance
• genes

Learn more about to causes of type 2 diabetes.

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes

The likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes depends on your genes and lifestyle factors. However, you cannot change certain risk factors such as family history and age, But you can change your lifestyle, do some physical activity, maintain your body weight, blood sugar level, or manage your healthy diet plan according to your nutritionist. This lifestyle can help you to maintain your type 2 diabetes.

These are certain factors to develop type 2 diabetes, if you

  • Being obese or overweight is the main risk
  • Have a family history of diabetes
  • Are at higher risk if you are American Indian, Alaska Native, Pacific Islander, African American, Asian American, Native Hawaiian, or Hispanic/Latino
  • No healthy diet plan according to diabetes patient
  • As you get older your risk increases. Once you turn 45, you are particularly at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • have a high blood pressure
  • have a history of gestational diabetes
  • having prediabetes.
  • have a history of heart diseases or stroke
  • have depression
  • Are not physically active.
  • Risk increases for women who have problems with Polycystic ovary syndrome also called PCOS.
  • Risk of increased lipid levels in the blood such as low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (good) cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides.

Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis and Tests

The doctor may examine your blood for symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Usually, they will take 2 days to test you to confirm the diagnosis. Some of the tests for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes are as follows:

  • A1C- This is similar to the average blood sugar in your blood in the last 2 or 3 months.
  • Fasting Plasma Glucose- It measures your blood sugar on an empty stomach. You cannot eat or drink anything except water 8 hours before the test. It is also known as the fasting blood sugar test.
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) - This blood test is done 2 hours after you eat something sweet to see how your body handles sugar.