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Chronic complications due to diabetes increase slowly over time, that is, the increase and destruction of dissolved glucose and insulin in diabetes can cause damage to many parts of the body. Doctors refer to it as "end-organ damage" because it can affect almost every organ system in the body.

These are long-term complications or that can develop slowly, and can cause serious damage if they become uncontrolled and untreated.

Eye disease (retinopathy)

Some people with diabetes have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy that can affect their vision. And may cause serious problems such as blindness
Usually, with an eye examination test - it can be treated and vision loss can be prevented like

  • Glaucoma
  • cataracts
  • Diabetic retinopathy, which involves small blood vessels in your eyes.

kidneys disease (nephropathy)

Diabetes can damage your kidneys for a long time.

Over time, high blood sugar can damage your body's ability to filter excess fluids and waste.

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If you also have high blood pressure and high blood sugar, then you are more at risk of kidney disease and if you do not treat it, then this problem can increase with time and you may also need dialysis.

The better diabetes and blood pressure a person controls, the lower the chances of kidney disease.

Nerve disease (neuropathy)

Excess sugar in the blood can damage the nerves of the body.
Nerves carry the messages in our body to the brain and all parts of the body, and damage to the nerves can make it difficult for the brain to receive these messages such as how we see, hear, feel and move.
It can cause problems with digestion, erectile dysfunction, and many other functions.

  • Tingling
  • Numbness
  • pain
  • Burning sensation

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) and Heart Disease

High blood pressure is found almost equally in people with type 2 diabetes. As blood
sugar levels rise, our bodies try to use various means to reduce glucose levels to "normal" levels.

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The way the body tries to do this is to keep more fluid in the blood vessels. And it increases the pressure in the extra fluid vessels and can damage the blood vessels in the body.

It can cause problems with circulation and increase the risk of foot problems and other vessel diseases, such as heart attack and stroke.

Foot and skin problems

People with diabetes are more likely to have problems with the legs due to nerve and blood vessels being damaged and the limited flow of blood to the extremities.

Such as damage to joints (due to lack of ability to feel pain properly) and foot ulcers etc.

If you have diabetes, you should take foot problems seriously. With poor care, small skin lesions or wear and tear can turn into deep skin ulcers. If skin ulcers grow or become darker, gangrene and leg amputation can result.

Long-term complications of diabetes develop slowly. The longer you have been diabetic, the greater the risk of complications. Proper preventive care can help you control or avoid many or all of these diabetes complications. The better you are at controlling your blood sugar level, the lower the risk of developing complications, and the better your long-term outlook.