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causes of type 1 diabetes

There is no exact cause of type 1 diabetes. Our body has its immune system, which constantly fights harmful bacteria and viruses. When these bacteria and viruses slowly start destroying the insulin-producing cells in our body in the pancreas which reduces and stops making insulin in our body and then we start seeing the symptoms of diabetes. Other possible causes include:-

  • Pancreas injury:-Pancreas Trauma occurs in very few people. When some injury is found in the upper abdomen. Then chances of getting an injury in the pancreas can increase which reduces insulin production in the pancreas and gives us type 1 diabetes.

  • Viral infection:-The virus can damage the beta cells in our body which are related to pancreatic tissue from a diabetic patient that’s why Flu and virus increase the blood sugar level in our body.

  • Genetics:-Genes play a very important role in type 1 diabetes. Parents who have type 1 diabetes have an increased likelihood of having children with diabetes.

  • Contact to viruses and other ecological factors:-Those people who live in a cold climate, the doctor gets more type 1 diabetes patients. Diabetes cases are found more in winter than in summer.

Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes

Prediabetes is a condition preceding type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is considered the most common form of diabetes that is caused by many factors, including factors such as overweight, lifestyle, and genes.

  • Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity-If you are overweight or obese you are more likely to have type 2 diabetes. Excess weight can sometimes cause insulin resistance. For this, you should keep trying to lose weight and be physically active.

  • Insulin resistance-Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, and a condition can develop in which muscle, liver, and fat cells are unable to use insulin properly. And your body needs more insulin for glucose to enter the cells.

  • Genes-Like type 1 diabetes, the gene is also an important factor in developing type 2 diabetes. Genes can also increase the risk of type 2 diabetes by increasing a person's tendency to be overweight or obese.

  • family history-At the same time if someone in your family has type 2 diabetes, then you are also more likely to have it.

  • Ethnicity-It has been found that high rates of diabetes have been found in some ethnic groups. Like

    • African-Americans
    • Native Americans
    • Asians
    • Pacific Islanders
    • Hispanic Americans

Causes of gestational diabetes

During pregnancy, the placenta in women produces hormones to maintain your pregnancy. These hormones make your cells more resistant to insulin.

Generally, most pregnant women can produce enough extra insulin to overcome this resistance. But sometimes some pregnant women are unable to do so. When this happens, too little glucose enters your cells and too much remains in your blood, resulting in gestational diabetes.

Finally, the most common cause of diabetes is both environmental and genetic, but some diabetes factors may also result in genetic defects in insulin secretion or proteins involved in insulin action.